In today’s digital age, criminal harassment has become a serious concern for individuals across Canada. With the advancements in technology, the methods and scope of harassment have expanded, making it crucial for people to understand the laws and protection orders available to ensure their safety. 

This article, written by a criminal law professional, aims to provide an informational and educational overview of criminal harassment laws and the protective measures available in Canada.

Criminal Harassment

Understanding Criminal Harassment:

Criminal harassment, commonly known as stalking, refers to unwanted and repeated behaviour that causes a person to fear for their safety or the safety of others. It can manifest in various forms, including but not limited to unwanted phone calls, messages, emails, following, surveillance, and online harassment through social media platforms. Criminal harassment not only causes emotional distress but also violates an individual’s right to privacy and personal security.

The Canadian Legal Framework:

In Canada, criminal harassment is addressed under Section 264 of the Criminal Code. According to this section, it is a criminal offence to willfully and without lawful authority engage in conduct that causes another person to reasonably fear for their safety. The law aims to protect individuals from persistent and unwanted attention that can lead to emotional harm and mental trauma.

Protection Orders:

To provide victims of criminal harassment with legal protection, Canada offers various types of protection orders. These orders are court-issued documents that restrict the actions of the harasser and provide legal recourse if those restrictions are violated. 

Let’s explore some of the key protection orders available:

  1. Restraining Orders: Also known as peace bonds, restraining orders are court orders that prohibit the harasser from contacting or being near the victim. These orders can also include specific conditions tailored to the situation, such as staying away from certain locations or refraining from any form of communication.

  1. No-Contact Orders: These orders strictly prohibit any form of contact between the harasser and the victim. They can be obtained through the criminal court system and are often issued in cases where there is evidence of threats, violence, or severe emotional distress.

  1. Emergency Protection Orders (EPOs): EPOs are designed to provide immediate protection to victims of criminal harassment in urgent situations. These orders are available 24/7 and can be obtained from the police or a justice of the peace. EPOs are temporary and provide immediate relief until a more permanent solution can be sought.

Reporting and Seeking Help:

If you believe you are a victim of criminal harassment, it is important to take immediate action to protect yourself. Here are the steps you should consider:

  1. Document the Incidents: Maintain a detailed record of all instances of harassment, including dates, times, locations, and descriptions of the events. Keep copies of any evidence such as messages, emails, or photos that can support your case.

  1. Report to the Authorities: Contact your local law enforcement agency and provide them with all the information you have gathered. They will guide you through the process of filing a report and may assist you in obtaining a protection order.

  1. Seek Legal Advice: Consult with a criminal law professional who specializes in harassment cases. They can provide you with legal guidance, explain your rights, and assist you in navigating the legal process.


Criminal harassment is a serious offence that can have long-lasting effects on victims. It is crucial for individuals to be aware of the laws and protection orders available in Canada to safeguard themselves against such acts. By understanding the legal framework and seeking appropriate assistance, victims can take proactive steps towards ensuring their safety and holding the perpetrators accountable.

If you require legal assistance or advice regarding criminal harassment, contact our team of dedicated criminal law professionals today. We are here to support you, guide you through the legal process, and help you obtain the necessary protection orders. Your safety matters, and we are committed to ensuring that justice is served. Don’t wait – take action and protect yourself now.